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3 Primary Considerations:


If it's not healthy AND from a healthy herd then PASS IT UP!

An unhealthy animal or from unhealthy animals is only a disaster waiting to happen.


A well balanced animal with eye appeal and meeting a well thought out breed standard.

Genetics is hereditary.
Swayback,  toed legs, unproportional body, bad bites, too many tits, scrotum size, bad tail set and bad ear set are all hereditary.

Unsound animals produce unsound offspring.



   Small animals tend to throw small offspring. For every pound of added meat on an animals carcass puts added dollars in the producers pocket.

 Larger does usually tend to have fewer birthing issues and generally tend to produce more multiple births. 

The Kiko and St. Croix both being a meat breed demands we breed for those wtih larger carcasses and more muscle.

Buy - Keep or Pass:

If an animal is lacking any 1 of the 3 qualities needed above to be a quality animal then the ONLY DECISION a reputable breeder has is to PASS IT UP.
Reputable Breeders Buy & breed for Quality.



 Buy only from a Breeder who does at the minimum random testing of their herd for: 

Kiko -  CL, Johnes and CAE

 St. Croix - OPP, CL, Johnes and Scrabies

(*If they Vaccinate for CL then testing is not done.) 

(*if the herd is RR Scrapie then testing is not needed.).

If an animal isn't healthy then it's not going to be of any use to anybody.

The best looking animal in the world that's 'dead' isn't worth anything.


 If an animal isn't sound and well balanced it's a disaster waiting to happen. Conformation is hereditary so having sound animals with good conformation is important. Starting with Quality Animals meeting a well thought out breed standard is important. Culling undesirable animals and keeping only your best for replacements is of prime importance. Selling only structurally sound and breed standard breeding stock is also very important to protect the breed.

A reputable breeder will breed for breed standard animals.
Most breed standards are well thought out diagrams of the perfect animal in regards to looks, health and purpose.


Scrotal Circumference:

Scrotal Circumference:

Scrotal Circumference in a breeding male is of prime importance. Scrotum size has been found to be linked to Fertility, production of female offspring and quality of offspring.

Scrotal Circumference varies with the seasons and body condition.  Scrotals are usually at their maximum peak circumference during the breeding season. Billies with larger testicles which hang further from the body tend to throw more female offspring.  Younger billies with proper scrotums also tend to throw more female offspring.

Rule of thumb when purchasing or deciding on what billies/rams to keep is:

8-14 months - 30+

14 months - 32+

Mature Males with under 32 size should not be used for breeding.



The size of the animal usually correlates to the amount of muscle/meat it exhibits.  
The larger the carcass the more muscle/meat it can carry.
The more muscle/meat means more ending profit potential. 

The Carcass size also has a direct correlation to multiple birth potential, birthing concerns and hereditary production.  


Overall Size Considerations:

Size is hereditary and the dwarf gene is dominant so continually breeding smaller animals together sets the gene pool to producing smaller and smaller animals.